The flexibility of a system describes its ability to adapt to a wide range of possible environments. Flexibility in manufacturing is the ability to reconfigure manufacturing resources in order to efficiently produce a range of products of acceptable quality. The concept of flexibility comes from the Japanese philosophy of “lean manufacturing,” which for many decades...
Integrators who manufacture assembly automation and OEM’s who need equipment to manufacture assemblies are faced with a very large challenge of how to get the parts into the assembly machines for the assembly process, minimize workcell requirements, and keep costs down. Whether there is a need to increase productivity, reduce costs or add product variants,...
Market evolution has always been influenced by choices made with regard to flexibility, unit production cost and productivity. In the middle of the 1960s, market competition became increasingly intense, and production cost was the chief concern. High volumes of individual products were sold to the “mass market,” enabling a policy emphasizing economy of scale and...